A femoral hernia is a painful bulge or lump located in the upper part of the thigh near the groin. It occurs when a small part of intestine abnormally pushes through the wall of the femoral canal.The lump can often be pushed back in or??disappears when the patient lie down. It may become more prominent on straining activities like coughing.
Although femoral hernia is not very common but women are three times more likely than men to suffer from a femoral hernia.
Causes of Femoral Hernias
The exact cause of femoral hernia is not known. A person may either be born with a weakened muscle wall of the femoral canal,(along the inner thigh) or the muscle wall may become weak over time due to following contributing factors that causes excessive straining:
- Multiple pregnancies
- Chronic constipation& cough
- Heavy weight lifting
- Straining to urinate because of an enlarged prostate
Signs and Symptoms of a Femoral Hernia
Sometimes patient may not even realize their small- to moderate-sized femoral hernia as it usually do not cause any symptoms. Femoral hernia becomes noticeable when its size increases and causes discomfort to the patient with following symptoms:
- A bulge visible in the groin area near upper thigh
- Bulge may become worse and painful on standing, lifting heavy objects etc.
- Pain in hip region
- Severe symptoms like sudden groin pain, abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting may indicate obstruction of intestines by femoral hernia and need immediate medical attention.
Diagnosing a Femoral Hernia
The first thing a doctor performs is physical examination of the patient by gently palpating the area to determine bulge of femoral hernia. This is followed by ultrasound or CT scan of the abdominal and groin area to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging technology can show the hole in the muscle wall, as well as the protruding tissue.
Treatment for Femoral Hernias
The asymptomatic femoral hernias may not require any specific treatment and doctor may just advise monitoring to notice any progress. But femoral hernia that causes pain or discomfort to the patient is recommended straight away for the surgery due higher risk of complications.
Femoral hernia repair is performed under general or spinal anaesthesia and require a larger incision in the groin area to access the hernia. The surgery is performed to push back the bulge into place and strengthen the weakened abdominal wall. It is reinforced with a mesh.
- Less pain & scarring
- Short healing period
- Less blood loss
Advantages of Femoral Hernia Repair at Vikramsclinic
- Our surgeon performs ???tension-free repairs???
- Painless and hassle free procedure
- Chances of recurrence is negligible
- Patient is discharged on the same day and can resume their daily activities in a week???s time.
- Even activities like weight lifting is allowed in 10 days??? time after surgery.