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Gallstones: Causes, Signs and Treatment

Gallstones are pieces of solid material which are formed in the gallbladder which is a small organ located below the liver. It cannot be diagnosed until they block a bile duct causing pain that which needs to be treated right away.

Different types of gallstones are:

Cholesterol stones :- These are usually yellow-green in colour. They're the most common type, accounting to 80% of gallstones.

Pigment stones :- These stones are smaller and darker. They're made up of bilirubin, which comes from bile, a fluid your liver makes and your gallbladder stores.

What Causes Gallstones?

  • Individual’s genes.
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Eating a diet that’s high in fat or cholesterol
  • Rapid weight loss within a short period of time
  • Having diabetes mellitus
  • Problems with the gallbladder.
  • Eating diet that’s high in fiber

What Are the Symptoms?

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Major symptoms of gallstone are pain in the upper belly and upper back that can last for several hours continuously, nausea, vomiting, other digestive problems, including bloating, indigestion and heartburn and gas.

Treatment for Gallstone

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: This is the most common procedure. The surgeon passes instruments, a light source and a camera through several small cuts in the belly. He views the inside of the body on a video monitor.

Open cholecystectomy: The surgeon makes bigger incisions in the belly to remove the entire gallbladder. If gallstones are in your bile ducts, the doctor may use ERCP to find and remove them before or during gallbladder surgery.

Vikrams clinic is a multispecialty hospital that provides quality healthcare and is located in the heart of T.Nagar, Chennai. We provide best treatment for gallstone after proper diagnosis at affordable rates.


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