Cholelithiasis is a condition which involves the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder. These gallstones are not really stones but are a small solid material formed in the biliary tract, usually in the gallbladder.
Types of Gall Stones
There are two types of Gallstones
- Cholesterol Stones: These stones which are yellow-green in color are formed due to the higher amount of cholesterol in the bile and are the most common type of gallstones
- Pigment Stones: These stones are formed from bilirubin which is a fluid secreted by the bile and stores in the gallbladder. These type of stones are smaller and darker than cholesterol stones.
Gallstones may be caused due to several reasons which include:
- Problems with gall bladder
- Extra estrogen in body
- Bile can also be a part of the formation of gallstones
- Gallstones may also be formed when your gall bladder can't empty properly
- Blood diseases like sickle cell anemia can cause the formation of gallstones
- Medical condition like Cirrhosis can also cause the formation of pigment stones
The symptoms of gallstone include:
- Digestive problems
- Pain in upper back and belly that lasts for a long time
- Heart burn
- Gastric problems
The treatment of gallstones includes the removal of the gall bladder by a surgery. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is the most common procedure used for the removal of gall bladder. The surgeon takes out the gallbladder through small incisions in the belly with the help of instruments, a camera and a light which helps him to view the inside of the body on a video monitor. The patient can leave the hospital after spending a night in the hospital.
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Vikrams clinic is a multispecialty hospital dealing with the latest technology surgical procedures including Gallstone removal in Chennai. The hospital provides the best and advanced Gallstones treatment in Chennai with the expertise of Dr. A Vikram, one of the best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Chennai.
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