Obesity is assuming life threatening proportions today. Not only does it create mobility issues, it attracts several other diseases as well. A latest addition to bariatric surgery, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is an efficient way to handle obesity.
The procedure of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy involves, reducing food intake at a single time by reducing the size of the stomach. It can be done as a standalone procedure or as a supporting technique among other weight loss methods in treating severe cases of obesity.
A restrictive procedure, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is performed in people with a BMI in the range of 30 to 40. The procedure decreases the production of hunger hormones, thus limiting the appetite and need for consumption of food.
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The procedure of sleeve gastrectomy is performed laparoscopically. This involves creating 4 or 5 small incisions in the abdomen. A laparoscope, an instrument with a tiny camera attached to it, is inserted through the incisions to view the internal abdominal parts. With instruments inserted through the other incisions, about 75% of stomach is removed and a narrow tube or sleeve is left behind. The main characteristic of this procedure is that, no intestinal removal involved here. Also, this procedure does not cause malabsorption as in other bariatric surgery procedures. This helps in preventing nutrient deficiency.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
Though the process of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is irreversible, its benefits far outweighs it. Some of the benefits of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are as follows.
- Faster method of weight loss
- Lesser intolerance of food
- No foreign bodies involved
- Surgical risk associated with the procedure is smaller
- The procedure can be completed in about 2 hours
- No bleeding and other risk associated with conventional surgical methods.
- Very less hospitalisation time
- Does not cause nutrient deficiency
- Helps in losing about 40 to 70% of excess weight
A multispecialty hospital based in Chennai, Vikrams Clinic offers quality health care specially in field of gastroenterology, laparoscopic surgery and laser surgery.
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