An umbilical hernia is a sac that is formed from the inner lining of the abdominal cavity. The sac pushes through a hole in the abdominal wall at the belly button forming a bulge.
Umbilical hernias generally occur in infants and close on their own by 1st birthday of the baby. But in some cases surgery may be required .Umbilical hernias can also occur in adults who have health problems that create pressure on the weak section of the stomach muscles.
Risk factors of Umbilical Hernia
- Multiple pregnancies
- Ascites (too much fluid in the belly)
- Chronic cough& constipation
- Stomach surgery
What Causes Umbilical Hernia?
Umbilical cord generally passes through an opening in the stomach muscles. An umbilical hernia occurs when this opening fails to close completely and, intestine, fat, or fluid protrudes through this unclosed weak spot in the form a bulge near the belly button.
Symptoms of Umbilical Hernia
The following symptoms of umbilical hernia need to be checked and may indicate a more serious situation that requires immediate medical treatment:
- A tender, swollen, or discoloured bulge in the navel or belly region
- Obvious pain& vomiting in babies
- Bulge becomes prominent if the baby cries, laughs, coughs or strains.
An umbilical hernia tends to get bigger and painful over time and may need surgery to treat it.
Diagnose Umbilical Hernia
First of all physical examination is performed by the doctor to determine if the patient has an umbilical hernia. This will be followed by an X-ray or an ultrasound of the stomach .In cases of complication like strangulated hernia, blood tests are also performed to look for infections.
Umbilical hernia repair
Umbilical hernia can be repaired by surgery. Under general or spinal anesthesia, surgeon gives an incision under the patient???s belly button. Hernia is carefully located and separated from the tissues around it. Then the surgeon gently pushes the contents of the intestine back into the abdomen and gives strong stitches to repair the weak spot.It is reinforced with a mesh.
Laparoscopic repair of Umbilical Hernia
Umbilical hernia can very well be repaired by laparoscopy. The laparoscopic repair of umbilical hernia is performed through small incisions. One of the incision is used to insert a thin, lighted tube that allows the surgeon to see inside the patient???s belly. The other incision is used to insert the instrument to perform hernia repair. .
Advantages of Umbilical Hernia Repair at Vikramsclinic
- Painless and hassle free procedure
- Chances of recurrence is negligible
- Patient is discharged on the same day and can resume their daily activities in a week???s time.
- Even weight lifting is allowed in 10 days time